Mathirai is an unit.  It is used to measure the force of Varma injury.  The unit of forcenecessary to get a Varma injury or the unit of force necessary to restore one from Varma injury is called as Mathirai. It can be classified in to four.  They are:

  1. Quarter Mathirai        :  No Problem
  2. Half Mathirai              : Pain, numbness etc,.
  3. Full Mathirai              :   Unconcious
  4. Uchi Mathirai             : Uncurable symptoms will be resulted.

The varma attack should be from aparticular distance and this distance should be covered in one seccond and that force necessary is the mathirai.

The amount of force necessary to attack a Varma point to result in its full impact is the mathirai of that particular Varmam.

“ Kanuhintra thodu varmam Thonnootrarum

         Kadinamai mathiraikku minchikandal

     Anavamai thoduvarmam alla sonnen

         Appothe padukayam entrennik kolnee” 

                                    (Odivu murivu sari  – 1500)

Each Varma points are having individual Varma mathirai.  If an attack exeeds the specific mathirai for the 96 – Thodu varmam, it should be treated as “Padu (varmam) Kayam” ie, serious ailment..


“Erai” is an unit which is equalent  to the Thumb Finger’s  breadth.  In Varma books some places it is stated as ”Arai  Erai thaltha varmam Yetru kollum”.

That means, pressing the finger on those Varma places, to a depth of  half Erai.  When an attack is made to the Varma points dependingthe unit of force theinjury willbe.

¼ Erai:  If an Varma injury ccurs by quarter Erai force then it will affect the bone marrow through Idakalai Nadi.           

½ Erai:  If the injury was of half Erai force then, it will affect the nerves through the Pinkalai Nadi.

¾ Erai:  If the injury was of three quarters unit then it will affect the bones through the Chulimunai Nadi.

Full Erai:  It will affect the brain through the above three Nadi (Edakalai, Pinkalai, Chulimunai).

Erai – exceeded:

If the varma attack exeeds full Erai, it will result in  symptoms like, fever, delirium, fits, hick-up, vomiting, unconsciousness, perspiration, thirst etc,.  The Varmam will travel through the kalais.  If the Varma injury  is ¼, or ½ Erai, then it is curable by treatment.  If the varma injury is  ¾ mathirai or of full Erai, it is uncurable by treatment.  It may  lead to death, yet, byanalyzing the injury such as of type of injury, the measure of the Erai,  quality, the colour of the kathir mathi,  pulse rate and the nervous injuries etc,.

Thanks Dr. Kannan Rajaram – Kanyakumari